Who’s at higher risk of serious symptoms? – Mayo Clinic News Network

Above a yr into the COVID-19 pandemic, it truly is vital to remind men and women who is additional at hazard of really serious coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) indicators, which can vary greatly. Some folks have no symptoms at all, while others come to be so ill that they eventually have to have mechanical support to breathe.

This article is composed by Mayo Clinic Team


The risk of establishing unsafe signs or symptoms of COVID-19 may be amplified in persons who are older and also in persons of any age who have other really serious health issues — these kinds of as coronary heart or lung ailments, weakened immune techniques, being overweight, or diabetic issues. This is related to what is viewed with other respiratory illnesses, these types of as influenza.

Though each of these things can enhance the possibility of severe COVID-19 symptoms, individuals who have a number of of these other health complications are at even better risk.

Older age

People today of any age, even children, can catch COVID-19. But it most frequently influences center-aged and older grownups. The risk of developing perilous indications improves with age, with those people who are age 85 and older at the greatest threat of major indicators. In the U.S., about 80% of deaths from the disorder have been in individuals age 65 and older. Dangers are even better for older men and women when they have other health ailments.

Take all your medicines as prescribed. Take into account producing a treatment system that involves information and facts about your medical situations, medications, health care provider’s names and unexpected emergency contacts.

Nursing house citizens are at higher hazard because they often have many health troubles, mixed with superior age. And germs can distribute pretty simply amongst men and women who reside in close proximity to each and every other. If you live in a nursing property, abide by the tips to reduce an infection. Inquire about protection steps for inhabitants and customer restrictions. Allow personnel know if you feel ill.

Older persons are also a lot more very likely to have Alzheimer’s disorder, which can make it far more complicated for them to try to remember the safety measures recommended to reduce an infection.

Lung difficulties, which includes bronchial asthma

COVID-19 targets the lungs, so you’re much more most likely to acquire significant indications if you previously have lung challenges, these as:

  • Serious obstructive pulmonary sickness (COPD)
  • Lung cancer
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Moderate to severe bronchial asthma

While some prescription drugs for these ailments can weaken your immune technique, it truly is crucial to keep on your servicing medicines to preserve indicators as managed as doable. You could want to discuss to your health treatment company about acquiring an emergency offer of prescription drugs, this sort of as bronchial asthma inhalers.

It may perhaps also help to keep away from the factors that make your bronchial asthma worse. These asthma triggers can differ from particular person to person. Illustrations include pollen, dust mites, tobacco smoke and chilly air. Powerful thoughts and tension can cause asthma attacks in some people today. Other individuals are bothered by sturdy odors, so make sure the disinfectant you might be utilizing isn’t really an bronchial asthma result in for you.

In addition to remaining an asthma induce, using tobacco or vaping can damage your lungs and inhibit your immune process, which improves the danger of major issues with COVID-19.

Coronary heart disorder

Many types of heart disorder can make you additional probably to build severe COVID-19 symptoms. These consist of:

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Congenital heart illness
  • Heart failure
  • Coronary artery sickness

Continue to take your remedies specifically as prescribed. If you have higher blood tension, your possibility may possibly be larger if you really don’t handle your blood stress and acquire your remedies as directed.

Diabetes and weight problems

Type 1 or Form 2 diabetes can improve your risk of serious COVID-19 symptoms. Staying overweight, overweight or severely obese also will increase this possibility.

Diabetes and being overweight both decrease the efficiency of a person’s immune technique. Diabetic issues increases the risk of infections in standard. This threat can be decreased by trying to keep blood sugar amounts controlled and continuing your diabetes remedies and insulin. If you are overweight or overweight, aim to reduce weight by feeding on a healthy food plan and receiving frequent bodily action.

Most cancers and certain blood problems

People who at present have most cancers are at bigger risk of creating a lot more extreme ailment from COVID-19. This chance can change, dependent on the style of most cancers and the variety of treatment you are receiving.

Sickle mobile anemia is another issue that improves the chance of severe COVID-19 symptoms. This inherited problem results in your red blood cells to grow to be challenging, sticky and formed like the letter “C.” These deformed red blood cells die early, so oxygen can not be transported close to your body as very well. It also leads to painful blockages in tiny blood vessels.

An additional inherited blood dysfunction, identified as thalassemia, could possibly also make you extra probable to have serious COVID-19 symptoms. In thalassemia, the physique does not generate enough hemoglobin and this affects how well the purple blood cells can carry oxygen.

Go through far more about how a weakened immune procedure, persistent kidney or liver disease and threats for people today with down syndrome.


For the security of its patients, personnel and website visitors, Mayo Clinic has strict masking policies in area. Anyone shown without a mask was either recorded prior to COVID-19 or recorded in a nonpatient care place where social distancing and other safety protocols were adopted.

Info in this post was accurate at the time of its posting. Due to the fluid nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, scientific knowing, alongside with recommendations and tips, may have improved because the original publication date

For far more information and all your COVID-19 protection, go to the Mayo Clinic Information Community and mayoclinic.org.

Understand additional about: Tracking COVID-19 and COVID-19 developments.