Rectal cancer — risk factors, prevention and treatment – Mayo Clinic News Network

March is Nationwide Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, which makes this a fantastic time to discover far more about rectal most cancers, like threat factors, prevention and procedure.

Colon most cancers and rectal most cancers often are referred to collectively as colorectal cancer. Most situations of colon cancer commence as smaller, noncancerous clumps of cells called polyps. In excess of time, some of these polyps can grow to be colon cancers. For most rectal cancers, the induce is unclear.

Components that may well increase your possibility of rectal cancer are the same as individuals that raise the chance of colon cancer, including:

  • Older age. Colorectal cancer can be diagnosed at any age, but most people today with this style of cancer are more mature than 50.
  • African American descent. People of African ancestry born in the U.S. have a greater danger of colorectal most cancers than people today of European ancestry.
  • A own history of colorectal cancer or polyps, or a household background of colorectal cancer.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, diabetic issues or weight problems.
  • Inherited syndromes that maximize rectal most cancers possibility, including familial adenomatous polyposis and Lynch syndrome.
  • Taking in a eating plan small in veggies and substantial in pink meat, drinking alcohol, or using tobacco.
  • Far too minor physical exercise.
  • Radiation therapy for past most cancers.

Life style variations that may possibly cut down your possibility of rectal cancer incorporate performing exercises most times of the week protecting a healthy weight feeding on a selection of fruits, vegetables and whole grains stopping using tobacco and drinking alcoholic beverages in moderation, if at all.

Cure for rectal cancer often consists of a mix of therapies. When possible, surgical treatment is done to take out the cancer. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may perhaps be employed just after surgical procedures to eliminate any cancer cells that stay and reduce the possibility that cancer will return. If the cancer are unable to be taken out completely without hurting nearby organs and structures, your health care service provider could propose a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy as your initial therapy. These combined remedies could shrink the most cancers and make it easier to take away all through surgery.