Mayo Clinic expert answers questions about new COVID-19 vaccine – Mayo Clinic News Network

The Food and Drug Administration has granted unexpected emergency use authorization for a new COVID-19 vaccine made by Janssen Prescription drugs Inc., a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. The announcement indicates the U.S. now has a few vaccines that correctly stop intense COVID-19.

Unlike the 1st two vaccines approved for unexpected emergency use from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, which are dependent on messenger RNA, Janssen Pharmaceuticals’ vaccine is an adenoviral vector vaccine.

Observe: Dr. Melanie Swift solutions queries about the new COVID-19 vaccine.

https://www.youtube.com/observe?v=sniHrMKwbwQ

Journalists: Broadcast-quality sound bites with Dr. Swift are accessible in the downloads. Be sure to courtesy “Melanie Swift, M.D./COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation and Distribution/Mayo Clinic.”

In this Q&A, Dr. Melanie Swift, co-chair of Mayo Clinic’s COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation and Distribution Perform Group, answers thoughts about how the new vaccine works, its efficiency and importance:

How does the new COVID-19 vaccine perform?

Adenovirus vaccines are not really new. We have already made use of them for things like the Ebola vaccine. An adenovirus vaccine is a virus that has been altered so that it are not able to make you unwell and it cannot replicate. It has a particular little bit of genetic code that has been inserted into it that, in this situation, results in your entire body to make the spike protein.

In the conclusion, what you get is your physique tends to make the spike protein and you build the immune reaction to that spike protein ― accurately like a person would with the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines.

The significance of the new vaccine is it is really a solitary dose, and it can be saved effectively at fridge temperatures for a for a longer period interval of time. It won’t have to go into frozen storage the way the messenger RNA vaccines do. That can make it significantly less complicated to deploy to a broader selection of areas.

Is the new COVID-19 vaccine as powerful as other COVID-19 vaccines?

What folks must know is that it is a quite efficient vaccine. We by now experienced two hugely successful vaccines on the industry, so people today try out to examine them, but you definitely are unable to look at them. They were being researched in distinctive destinations at distinctive occasions. And the new vaccine was researched in places the place there ended up a lot of the new variant strains coming out. But it nonetheless showed pretty high effectiveness ― 85% ― at avoiding extreme COVID-19 and there have been no deaths in the vaccine team who been given the vaccine. That’s just phenomenal.

It can be crucial that individuals know that immunity is not an on-off mild swap. It truly is a lot more of a dimmer change. Even if there’s a lot less immunity than exceptional, it’s however not like you have not had the vaccine. You still have safety.

Which COVID-19 vaccine need to persons get?

Men and women really really should acquire whichever vaccine is accessible to them. You can’t review these vaccines head to head because they were analyzed in different conditions. They are all extremely helpful. The upside of this new vaccine is it can be only just one dose. When you get that next dose of the messenger RNA vaccines ― Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna ― you have a higher fee of facet consequences than with the first dose. The great component about this new vaccine is you don’t get as quite a few aspect consequences as you do with the other people, and it is really also much additional practical not to have to plan that second pay a visit to.

A COVID-19 vaccine is just one tool to aid sluggish the distribute of the virus, together with masking, social distancing and hand cleanliness.

_______________________________

For the security of its clients, employees and people, Mayo Clinic has rigorous masking guidelines in put. Anyone demonstrated devoid of a mask was both recorded prior to COVID-19 or recorded in a nonpatient care location the place social distancing and other safety protocols were adopted.

Information and facts in this put up was exact at the time of its publishing. Due to the fluid mother nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, scientific being familiar with, together with suggestions and tips, may well have changed since the initial publication date

For a lot more details and all your COVID-19 protection, go to the Mayo Clinic Information Network and mayoclinic.org.

Learn additional about tracking COVID-19 and COVID-19 trends.